Tarasenko V.E., PhD (Eng), associate professor1
Rolich O.Ch., PhD (Eng), associate professor2
Yakubovich O.A., PhD (Eng)3
Kozlov A.V., D.Sc. (Eng)4
1Belarusian State Agrarian Technical University, Minsk 220023, Republic of Belarus
2Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics, Minsk 220013, Republic of Belarus
3Interregional Certification Center, Moscow 127238, Russian Federation
4Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Central Scientific Research Automobile and Automotive Engines Institute” (FSUE “NAMI”), Moscow 125438, Russian Federation
Tarasenko V.E., Rolich O.Ch., Yakubovich O.A., Kozlov A.V. [Signal processing algorithms for multichannel integrated engines complex diagnostics for automobiles and tractors]. Trudy NAMI, 2021, no. 1 (284), pp. 6–15. DOI: 10.51187/0135-3152-2021-1-6-15. (In Russian)
Introduction (problem statement and relevance). The technical state of machines undergoes changes during their life cycle. The qualitative determination of the technical condition of components, assemblies and systems of engines requires not only the application of modern control methods that provide reliable results, but also the use of high-performance specialized diagnostic equipment for the timely detection of faults to increase the reliability and service life of machines.
The purpose of the study was to substantiate the architecture of an integrated system of vibroacoustic and thermal diagnostics, which would make it possible to assess the residual life of systems, assemblies and mechanisms of diesel engines in real time.
Methodology and research methods. The modern methods of collection and computer processing of signals from various types of sensors, as well as wavelet functions and digital image processing were used in the study.
Scientific novelty and results. Algorithms for calculating and processing the analytical ensemble (including scaleograms and histograms) of the data flow have been developed and used in an integrated system of complex diagnostics to identify defects in automotive engines and detect the moments of their origin.
Practical significance. The proposed algorithms made it possible to diagnose malfunctions and calculate the residual resource of automotive engine units in real time, display the dynamics of signal changes on the display, process user requests and form a protocol for changing the diesel state picture during its operation.
1. Miklush V.P., Dunaev A.V., Tarasenko V.E., Karpovich S.K., Zhdanko D.A., Lisay N.K. [Reliability management of agricultural machinery by diagnostic methods and tribotechnics]. Minsk, BGATU Publ., 2019. 392 p. (In Russian)
2. [GOST 23435-79. Technical diagnosis. Piston internal combustion engines. Nomenclature of diagnosis parameteres]. Moscow, IPK Izdatel'stvo standartov Publ., 1979. 11 p. (In Russian)
3. Shilo I.N., Tolochko N.K., Romanyuk N.N., Nukeshev S.O. [Intelligent technologies in the agro-industrial complex]. Minsk, BGATU Publ., 2016. 336 p. (In Russian)
4. [Recommendations for the implementation of a diagnostic system for managing the state of diesel locomotives and diesel trains based on the results of oil analysis. 2019]. Available at: http://osjd.org/dbmm/download?vp=51&load=y&col_id=2066&id=1542 (accessed 09 December 2020). (In Russian)
5. Nikitchenko S.L., Aleksenko N.P., Kotovich A.V., Oleynikova I.A. [Resource-saving control of processes of exploitation and technical service of agricultural machinery]. Don agrarian science bulletin, 2018, no. 4 (44), pp. 57–65. (In Russian)
6. [GOST R 56875-2016. Information technologies. Comprehensive and integrated security systems. Standart requirements for the architecture, hardware and software intelligent monitoring systems to ensure the safety of enterprises and territories]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2019. 45 p. (In Russian)
7. Barelli L., Bidini G., Buratti C., Mariani R. Diagnosis of internal combustion engine through vibration and acoustic pressure non - intrusive measurements. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2010, no. 29 (8-9), pp. 1707–1713.
8. Ftoutou E., Chouchane M. (2018) Injection Fault Detection of a Diesel Engine by Vibration Analysis. In: Haddar M., Chaari F., Benamara A., Chouchane M., Karra C., Aifaoui N. (eds) Design and Modeling of Mechanical Systems–III. CMSM 2017. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66697-6_2.
9. Chen J., Eng B., Eng M. Internal Combustion Engine Diagnostics Using Vibration Simulation / School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering The University of New South Wales, 2013.
10. Rolich O.Ch., Tarasenko V.E., Ivashko V.S. [Thermal control of engine operation based on statistical analysis of bolometer signals]. Izobretatel', 2019, no. 2-3, pp. 40–44. (In Russian)
11. Rolich O.Ch., Tarasenko V.E. [Multichannel integrated system of vibroacoustic and thermal diagnostics of diesel engines]. Agropanorama, 2019, no. 5, pp. 42–45. (In Russian)
12. Gonsales R., Vuds R. [Digital image processing]. Moscow, Tekhnosfera Publ., 2005. 1072 p. (In Russian)
13. Getmanov V.G. [Digital signal processing]. Moscow, NRNU MEphI Publ., 2010. 232 p. (In Russian)
Full text: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=44895274
Buzikov Sh.V., PhD (Eng)
acting head of the Department of woodworking machinery and technologies1
Plotnikov S.A., D.Sc. (Eng), associate professor
professor of the Department of mechanical engineering technologies1
Kozlov I.S., postgraduate
Department of woodworking machinery and technologies1
1Vyatka state University, Kirov 610000, Russian Federation
Buzikov Sh.V., Plotnikov S.A., Kozlov I.S. [The blend fuel composition optimization to apply in tractor diesel engines]. Trudy NAMI, 2021, no. 1 (284), pp. 16–24. DOI: 10.51187/0135-3152-2021-1-16-24. (In Russian)
Introduction (problem statement and relevance). Today, vegetable oils, in particular, rapeseed oil (RO) are widely used types of fuels for diesel engines. The main physicochemical properties of RO are somewhat similar to diesel fuel (DF). However, one can highlight a large fraction of the oxygen content in it, which affects the fuel combustion intensity in diesel cylinders. In this regard, the addition of rapeseed oil is very important to optimize the composition of mixed fuel (MF) for its use in diesel engines.
The purpose of the study was optimizing the MF composition and obtaining experimental data of diesel engine effective performance by means of regression analysis.
Methodology and research methods. To optimize the MF composition studies were carried out to determine the relative fractions of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen in RO and MF, as well as bench tests of diesel fuel and MF with various RO additives operation, followed by the regression analysis of effective indicators.
Scientific novelty and results. The effective performance dependences of the diesel engine on the RO content in the MF have been determined. Basing on the obtained load characteristics of the diesel engine, it was concluded that an increase in the average effective pressure from 0.2 to 1.2 MPa, as well as in the share of RO in MF from 0 to 80%, would lead to an increase in the effective specific fuel consumption to 383–506 g/kW·h and the decrease in effective efficiency by 14–28%. On the basis of the regression analysis the maximum values of the optimality criterion indicators D-optimum = 0.98–1.0 with the addition of RO to MF from 45 to 50% were determined.
Practical significance. The value of the maximum permissible composition of MF, consisting of 50–55% of diesel fuel and 45–50% of RO and ensuring maximum compliance with the specified conditions of optimality on the diesel engine under consideration has been obtained.
criterion of optimality
1. Ukhanov A.P., Ukhanov D.S., Shemenev D.A. [Diesel mixed fuel: monograph]. Penza, RIO PGSKhA Publ., 2012. 147 p. (In Russian)
2. Vasil'ev E.A. [Review of existing alternative fuels. In the collection: Young researchers of the agro-industrial and forestry complexes – to the regions]. [2nd International Youth Scientific and Practical Conference]. 2017, pp. 31–39. (In Russian)
3. Biryukov A.L., Ivanov I.I. [Study of the characteristics of the fuel equipment of diesel engines D-243. Research report no. 876-17 dated 03.07.2017]. Vologda State Dairy Academy named after N.V. Vereshchagin. (In Russian)
4. Keruchenko L.S., Vereteno I.V. [Influence of vegetable-derived oils additives on the diesel fuel lubricity]. Sel'skokhozyaystvennye mashiny i tekhnologii, 2015, no. 4, pp. 29–32. (In Russian)
5. Potapov E.A., Vakhrameev D.A., Shakirov R.R., Davydov N.D., Arslanov F.R. [Reducing the content of toxic substances in the exhaust gases of the engine of a machine-tractor unit through the use of complex systems]. [Improving the performance of internal combustion engines: materials of the 10th International scientific and practical conference “Science – Technology – Resource saving”: collection of scientific papers]. 2017, pp. 14–17. (In Russian)
6. Miri S.М., Mousavi S.S., Ghobadian B. Effects of biodiesel fuel synthesized from non-edible rapeseed oil on performance and emission variables of diesel engines. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2017, vol. 142.
7. Hellier P., Ladommatos N., Yusaf T. The influence of straight vegetable oil fatty acid composition on compression ignition combustion and emissions. Fuel, 2015, vol. 143.
8. Takase M., Zhao T., Zhang M., Chen Y., Liu H., Yang L., Wu X. An expatiate review of neem, jatropha, rubber and karanja as multipurpose non-edible biodiesel resources and comparison of their fuel, engine and emission properties. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, vol. 43.
9. Szabados G., Bereczky Á. Experimental investigation of physicochemical properties of diesel, biodiesel and TBK-biodiesel fuels and combustion and emission analysis in CI internal combustion engine. Renewable Energy, 2018, vol. 121.
10. Markov V.A., Chaynov N.D., Neverova V.V. [Optimising the composition of biofuel blends with vegetable oil additives]. Vestnik MGTU im. N.E. Baumana. Ser. Estestvennye nauki, 2019, no. 2 (83), pp. 114–131. (In Russian)
11. Sap'yan Yu.N., Kolos V.A., Suleymanov M.I., Kabakova E.N. [Algorithm of admission to the production and use of biological types of motor fuel]. [Scientific and technical progress in agricultural production: materials of the International scientific and technical conference dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the birth of academician M.E. Matsepuro]. 2018, pp. 270–274. (In Russian)
12. Toigonbaev S.K. Improving engine fuel system D-245 for work on alternative fuels. Education, Science and Humanities Academic Research Conference, 2017, pp. 380–400.
13. Markov V.A., Devyanin S.N., Zykov S.A., Sa B. [Research of viscosity characteristics of biofuels based on vegetable oils]. Traktory i sel'khozmashiny, 2016, no. 12, pp. 3–9. (In Russian)
14. Plotnikov S.A., Buzikov Sh.V., Kozlov I.S. [Definition of adjusting parameters of the fuel system of a tractor diesel engine when operating on fuel mixtures with additives rapeseed oil]. Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrotekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. P.A. Kostycheva, 2018, no. 4 (40), pp. 133–138. (In Russian)
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Kositsyn B.B., PhD (Eng)
Department “Wheeled vehicles”1
Chzhen Kh., postgraduate1
Gazizullin R.L., postgraduate1
1Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow 105005, Russian Federation
Kositsyn B.B., Chzhen Kh., Gazizullin R.L. [Control and measuring modernization systems of the “Soil Channel” stand and the development of a wheel motion mathematical model in stand conditions]. Trudy NAMI, 2021, no. 1 (284), pp. 25–34. DOI: 10.51187/0135-3152-2021-1-25-34. (In Russian)
Introduction (problem statement and relevance). A promising direction for reducing a vehicle moving energy is the application of adaptive laws for controlling the power supplied to the propeller based on neural networks. To create a training array of the latter, a large set of experimental data is required, the collection of which, as a rule, is carried out by using research stands, such as the “Soil Channel”. But the field studies require a lot of resources.
The purpose of the study was to create a wheel rolling mathematical model in the conditions of the stand, with the help of which it would be possible to organize the collection of needed statistical data on the wheel rolling modes by calculation them in an automatic mode.
Methodology and research methods. The paper describes the “Soil Channel” bench test, held by the Department of “Multipurpose tracked vehicles and mobile robots” of Bauman Moscow State Technical University. A list of the control and measuring systems components used in the process of its modernization in order to automate the collection of experimental data was considered. The “Soil Channel” stand mathematical model was presented which was based on the use of experimentally obtained dependences of the specific longitudinal thrust force on sliding and the specific longitudinal thrust force on the specific circumferential force.
Scientific novelty and results. The developed mathematical model has been verified on the basis of the data obtained in the course of field studies. Conclusions were made about the suitability of the developed mathematical model of wheel motion under the stand conditions for conducting virtual experiments.
Practical significance. The data obtained by applying the developed mathematical model can be used to create a training array of a neural network to provide the implementation of adaptive laws for controlling the power supplied to the propeller.
1. Kruger J., Rogg A., Gonzalez R. Estimating Wheel Slip of a Planetary Exploration Rover via Unsupervised Machine Learning. 2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference, March 2019.
2. Ding L., Huang L., Li Sh., Gao H., University L., Deng H., Li Y., Liu G., University X. Definition and Application of Variable Resistance Coefficient for Wheeled Mobile Robots on Deformable Terrain. IEEE Transactions on Robotics, Мау 2020, no. 99, pp. 1–16.
3. Gonzalez R., Apostolopoulos D., Iagnemma K. Improving rover mobility through traction control: simulating rovers on the Moon // Autonomous Robots. – No. 43 (2). – March 2019.
4. Gonzalez R., Chandler S., Apostolopoulos D. Characterization of machine learning algorithms for slippage estimation in planetary exploration rovers // Journal of Terramechanics. – April 2019. – No. 82. – P. 23–34.
5. Ma H., Yang H., Li Q., Liu Sh. A geometry-based slip prediction model for planetary rovers // Computers & Electrical Engineering. – September 2020. – 86:106749.
6. Nazarov L.V., Goncharenko N.V., Kovalenko V.I., Shtel'makh S.P. [Stand for testing the traction and adhesion qualities of wheel propulsion system]. Inventor's certificate USSR, no. 1569646 A1, 1988. (In Russian)
7. Gorelov V.A., Kotiev G.O., Miroshnichenko A.V. [Development of the сontrol аlgorithm of individual drives for a multiaxle wheeled vehicle]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Mashinostroenie, 2012, no. 1, pp. 49–59. (In Russian)
8. Naumov V.N., Gorelov V.A. [Joint experience of MGTU by N.E. Bauman and Lavochkin association in the field of rovers development]. Vestnik NPO im. S.A. Lavochkina, 2017, no. 2 (36), pp. 144–146. (In Russian)
9. Chizhov D.A., Gorelov V.A., Kotiev G.O. [Laboratory experiment-calculated complex for the investigation of traction and power properties of wheeled mover]. Traktory i sel'khozmashiny, 2012, no. 4, pp. 21–27. (In Russian)
10. Larin V.V. [Theory of motion of all-wheel drive vehicles: textbook]. Moscow, BMSTU Publ., 2010. 391 p. (In Russian)
11. Rozhdestvenskiy Yu.L. [Analysis and prediction of the tractive qualities of the rover wheel propellers. Cand. eng. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 1982. 260 p. (In Russian)
12. Petrushov V.A., Shuklin S.A., Moskovkin V.V. [Rolling resistance of vehicles and road trains]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1975. 225 p. (In Russian)
13. Petrushov V.A., Moskovkin V.V., Evgrafov A.N. [Vehicle power balance]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1984. 160 p. (In Russian)
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Brusov V.A., PhD (Eng)
chief engineer of NIO-121
1 Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after Professor N.E. Zhukovsky, Moscow 105005, Russian Federation
Brusov V.A., Merzlikin Yu.Yu., Men'shikov A.S. [Development of a control system for the hydraulic system parameters of a vehicle with a combined chassis on an air cushion]. Trudy NAMI, 2021, no. 1 (284), pp. 35–46. DOI: 10.51187/0135-3152-2021-1-35-46. (In Russian)
Introduction (problem statement and relevance). The development problems of sparsely populated and hard-to-reach regions of the Russian Federation, including the Arctic zone, are associated with the development of transport links. The use of vehicles with a combined chassis on an air cushion, which makes it possible to dramatically increase their cross-country ability, is justified for such regions.
Purpose of the study. Manual operating the hovercraft landing gear is difficult. To create an automatic control system, it was proposed to use an electronically controlled hydraulic system. The aim of the study was to develop a control system for the hydraulic system characteristics and provide the vehicle optimal control.
Methodology and research methods. The hydraulic performance management strategy was to simultaneously explore and control the vehicle and was of a two-level structure. The first level included a algorithm which set up the controller parameters for the known supporting surface properties. The second level included an adaptive algorithm to adjust the parameters of the hydraulic system to consider the unknown properties of the supporting surface of the moving vehicle.
Scientific novelty and results. The developed hydraulic system for the drive of the air cushion fans and the drive of the caterpillar propeller allowed to increase the height of overcoming irregularities while maintaining the values of vertical g-forces of the vehicle, and also to reduce power consumption by 10–20% when overcoming a typical range of irregularities.
Practical significance. The results obtained have created a theoretical and practical foundation for a new generation of special-purpose vehicles, in particular, equipped with an air cushion chassis, which will allow the formation of an effective dynamics with the insufficiently defined number of environment impact parameters.
adaptive control system
1. Lloyd N. The air cushion transporter-solution to many arctic transportation problems. 1682 – MS OTC Conference Paper, 1972.
2. Dickins D., Cox M., Thorleifson J. 2008 Arctic patrol hovercraft: An initial feasibility study. Proceedings of Ice Tech 2008 (Banff, Canada, July 20–23).
3. Eggington W., George D. Application of air cushion technology to offshore drilling operations in the arctic. 1165-MS OTC Conference Paper, 1970.
4. Yun L., Bliault A. Theory and Design of Air Cushion Craft, 2000.
5. Pavăl M., Popescu A. Hovercrafts – An Overview. Part I: Basic Concepts of Advanced Marine Vehicles. Fundamental Elements, Short History, Patents Buletinul Institutului Politehnic din Iaşi 64, 2008, pp. 39–50.
6. Okafor B. Development of a Hovercraft Prototype. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2003, no. 3, pp. 276–281.
7. Kal'yasov P.S., Fevralskikh A.V., Shabarov V.V. Mathematical modeling of the amphibian vessel aero-hydrodynamics on an air cushion. Problems of Strength and Plasticity, 2014, no. 76 (3), pp. 263–268.
8. Lizhu Y., Jie Y. Design of control system for hovercraft based on PLC. Mechanical engineering and automation, 2013, no. 04, pp. 152–154.
9. Fu M., Gao S., Wang C. Safety-Guaranteed Course Control of Air Cushion Vehicle with Dynamic Safe Space Constraint. Journal of Control Science and Engineering, 2018.
10. Cole R. Numerical Modeling of Air Cushion Vehicle Flexible Seals. Virginia Tech, 2018.
11. Brusov V.A. [Development of an optimal drive structure for a pitch control system of a hovercraft. Cand. eng. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2010. 260 p. (In Russian)
12. Hossain A., Rahman A., Mohiuddin A. Cushion pressure control system for an intelligent air-cushion trackvehicle. Journal of mechanical science and technology, 2011, no. 25 (4), pp. 1035–1041.
13. Hossain A., Rahman A., Mohiuddin A. Fuzzy evaluation for an intelligent air-cushion tracked vehicle performance investigation. Journal of Terramechanics, 2012, no. 49 (2), pp. 73–80.
14. Xie D., Ma C., Luo Z. Experimental and Simulation Study on Air Cushion Characteristics of Half Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2012, no. 48 (04), pp. 120–128.
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16. Fradkov A.L. [Adaptive control in complex systems]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1990. 292 p. (In Russian)
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19. Kreerenko O.D. [The method of combined synthesis of the laws of control of the movement of aircraft along the runway in the landing mode. Cand. eng. sci. abstr. diss.]. Taganrog, 2012. 25 p. (In Russian)
20. Pederson M.W., Hansen L.K. Recurrent networks: second order properties and pruning. Neural Information Processing Systems: Proc. of the 7-th Conference, 1995, vol. 611, pp. 18–31.
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Biksaleev R.Sh., postgraduate1
Karpukhin K.E., PhD (Eng), associate professor
Malikov R.R., postgraduate1
Klimov A.V., PhD (Eng)
Ryabtsev F.A., student2
1Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Central Scientific Research Automobile and Automotive Engines Institute” (FSUE “NAMI”), Moscow 125438, Russian Federation
2Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University (MADI), Moscow 125319, Russian Federation
Biksaleev R.Sh., Karpukhin K.E., Malikov R.R., Klimov A.V., Ryabtsev F.A. [Design peculiarities aspects of electrified vehicles with a combined power unit based on fuel cells]. Trudy NAMI, 2021, no. 1 (284), pp. 47–58. DOI: 10.51187/0135-3152-2021-1-47-58.(In Russian)
Introduction (problem statement and relevance). The problem of environmental pollution has been especially acute in recent decades. Vehicle manufacturers are putting a lot of effort and money into developing alternative energy sources. One of these sources is the fuel cell.
The purpose of the study was a general analysis of the parameters of power units of passenger and freight vehicles that used fuel cells.
Methodology and research methods. Based on a virtual experiment a regression analysis to calculate the fuel cell required power was carried out depending on the load and conditions of vehicle movements.
Scientific novelty and results. Simulation modeling of various lithium-ion traction batteries as part of a combined power unit of a vehicle has been carried out. Simulation modeling was carried out in order to determine the energy balance of a combined power unit in the urban cycle, taking into account the variation in the parameters of the cycle load and energy consumption for the auxiliary systems of the electrobus.
The practical significance of the analysis performed and the dependencies obtained lies in the fact that they can be used when selecting the power of fuel cells in the design of a large class passenger vehicle.
vehicle with a combined power unit
1. Karpukhin K., Terenchenko A., Kolbasov A. The creation of modern electric vehicles with additional source of energy. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2018, vol. 159, pp. 1755–1315.
2. Kuzyk B.N., Yakovets Yu.V. [Russia: a strategy for the transition to hydrogen energy]. Moscow, Institut ekonomicheskikh strategiy Publ., 2007. 400 p. (In Russian)
3. Landgraf I.K., Kasatkin M.A. [Independent energy for the oil industry. Creation of autonomous power units on fuel cells for infrastructure facilities of the oil and gas complex and the shipbuilding industry]. Available at: https://magazine.neftegaz.ru/articles/tekhnologii/619046-nezavisimaya-energetika-dlya-neftyanki-sozdanie-avtonomnykh-energoustanovok-na-toplivnykh-elementakh/ (accessed 05 August 2020). (In Russian)
4. Polyakova T.V. [State and prospects of hydrogen energy in Russia and the world]. Moscow, Tsentr global'nykh problem IMI Publ., 2008. (In Russian)
5. Lohse-Busch H., Stutenberg K., Duoba M., Liu X., Elgowainy A., Wang M., Christenson M. Automotive fuel cell stack and system efficiency and fuel consumption based on vehicle testing on a chassis dynamometer at minus 18°C to positive 35°C temperatures. Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2019, vol. 45, issue 1, pp. 1–12.
6. Tuan N., Karpukhin K., Terenchenko A., Kolbasov A. World Trends in the Development of Vehicles with Alternative Energy Sources. ARPN Journal of engineering and applied sciences, 2018, no. 13, pp. 2535–2542.
7. Hydro K. Hydrogen Cars Now. URL: http://www.hydrogencarsnow.com/ (дата обращения: 28.07.2020).
8. Brandon N.P., Ruiz-Trejo E., Boldrin P. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability. – Chennai: Elsevier Ltd., 2017.
9. Grishkevich A.I. [Vehicles: Theory. Textbook]. Minsk, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1986. 206 p. (In Russian)
10. Sokolovskaya I.Yu. [Complete factorial experiment]. Novosibirsk, NGAVT Publ., 2010. 3 p. (In Russian)
11. Tarasov B.P. [About applied scientific research on the topic “Development and creation of a hydrogen backup power supply and energy storage system”]. Chernogolovka, IPKhF RAN Publ., 2014. (In Russian)
12. Karpukhin K., Terenchenko A. EVS 2017 – 30th International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition / The specificity of the popularization of hybrid and electric vehicle in the Russian Federation, 2017.
13. Zhihong Y., Donald Z., Anima B. An innovative optimal power allocation strategy for fuel cell, battery and supercapacitor hybrid electric vehicle // Journal of Power Sources. – 2011. – No. 196. – P. 2351–2359.
14. Mehrdad E., Gao Y., Longo S., Ebrahimi K.M. Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles. – Boca Raton, London, New York: CRC Press is an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business, 2018.
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Viunov T.A., postgraduate
иdesign engineer of the department of numerical analysis of passive safety 1
Solopov D.Yu., PhD (Eng)
head of the department of numerical analysis of passive safety 1
1 Center “Numerical Analysis and Virtual Validation”, Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Central Scientific Research Automobile and Automotive Engines Institute” (FSUE “NAMI”), Moscow 125438, Russian Federation
Viunov T.A., Solopov D.Yu. [The relevance of creating a methodology analysis to assess the passive safety of armored civil vehicles]. Trudy NAMI, 2021, no. 1 (284), pp. 59–67. DOI: 10.51187/0135-3152-2021-1-59-67. (In Russian)
Introduction (problem statement and relevance). At present, there are no international standards for the passive safety of armored vehicles. This means that the developers themselves choose the conditions for conducting crash tests and the requirements for their results.
The purpose of the study was to conduct a brief expert analysis of the historical domestic experience in the field of passive safety, as well as to analyze the applicability of the methods included in the requirements of the UN Regulations and Euro NCAP for the passive safety of the armored civil vehicles.
Methodology and research methods. The crash tests results of armored vehicles ZIS-110SO and ZiL-4105 were analyzed by experts. The analyses included the requirements of regulatory documents concerning the testing of vehicles for passive safety (UN Regulations, Euro NCAP).
Scientific novelty and results. It has been established that the armored vehicles ZIS-110SO and ZiL-4105 did not meet the UN Regulation No. 94. It was also found that not all of the UN Regulations and Euro NCAP standards could be applied to assess the passive safety of armored civil vehicles.
Practical significance. In this work, load modes which could be taken as a test matrix basis for armored vehicles have been selected from the regulatory documents. In addition, the inexpediency of using some of the tests was substantiated.
civil armored vehicles
1. Euro NCAP. URL: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNEWZqjcguqWZOG8yZZpIFg (дата обращения: 30.04.2020).
2. Kryukovskiy A., Vikulin S. [Wheels of the country of the Soviets. True stories and fables. Film 2. Upper to lower case. 2011]. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nvtfvmADjHI&t=1892s (accessed 30 April 2020). (In Russian)
3. [ZIS-110SO]. Available at: https://www.drive2.ru/b/488983608271307142/ (accessed 30 April 2020). (In Russian)
4. [ZiL-4105]. Available at: https://www.drive2.ru/b/2930024/ (accessed 30 April 2020). (In Russian)
5. UN Regulation No. 94. Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a frontal collision.
6. Justen R., Hermle M., Schöneburg R. et al. The Safety Concept of the Mercedes-Benz GLC F-Cell. ATZ Worldw 121, 68–71 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s38311-018-0238-x.
7. Safety Companion 2020: carhs GmbH, 2020. – P. 20–21.
8. UN Regulation No. 95. Uniform provisions concerning the protection of the occupants of vehicles in the event of a lateral collision.
9. Oblique pole side impact. Testing protocol. European new car assessment programme (Euro NCAP), 2019. – 26 p.
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Full text: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=44895279
Head of the Department for Certification of Quality Management Systems1
1 Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Central Scientific Research Automobile and Automotive Engines Institute” (FSUE “NAMI”), Moscow 125438, Russian Federation
Malashkov I.I. [Test by quality]. Trudy NAMI, 2021, no. 1 (284), pp. 68–84. DOI: 10.51187/0135-3152-2021-1-68-84. (In Russian)
Full text: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=44895280